IoT Internet of Things Overview & Features
Internet of Things (IoT) has become the emerging topic of conversation among the millions of businesses & technologies. IoT is a concept of digitalization which connects objects, database, big data and devices a lot more. It is a buzzword you will keep going to hear more as the year passes. We have focuses on one of the most exciting areas of technology where physical objects combine with the internet. Let’s get started with IoT (Internet of Things).
According to Wikipedia
IoT is a network of home appliances, physical devices & other embedded items with electronic, software, sensors & network connectivity that enables these objects to exchange & connect data.
It is a concept where computing capability & network connectivity extends to objects, sensors & everyday items. IoT raises the technology challenges that help in realizing its importance in the world. For example Hacking of internet connected devices, privacy & surveillance concerns etc are some major challenges emerging from the internet of things.
It allows real world objects to be sensed & controlled remotely among the network infrastructure that creates opportunities to integrate physical world with computer-based systems. It results in improved efficiency & economic benefit to reduce human intervention.
IoT augmentation with sensors makes wider cyber physical systems encompassing the technology as virtual power plants, smart cities & smart grids.
(IoT) Internet of Things Features:
1. Device Virtualization:
It describes the standardized integration of devices with the enterprise high-speed messaging. It expands from server applications to the mobile spaces as smart phones, Machine to Machine & Automotive systems. Device virtualization encourages embedded computing & IoT including increased security & isolation, better migration, enhanced CPU utilization & cost savings.
2. Smart & Intelligence:
The advanced combination of software & hardware (algorithm & computer) provides the intelligent spark that makes product work smarter. IoT Ambient Intelligence enhances its capabilities to work in an intelligent way while carrying out specific tasks. Machine learning has been introduced in IoT world such as self-driving cars are one of the biggest innovations of IoT devices.
3. Accessibility & Connectivity:
Connectivity empowers the internet of things by the everyday interaction of real-world objects with internet so as to transform into smart objects. An object-level interaction ensures collective intelligence in IoT network so as to enable network compatibility & accessibility. The connectivity feature has opened up new market opportunities for the internet of things which can be created by networking smart applications with real-world products & devices.
4. Sensing & Tracking:
When sensors are embedded in the products, then the companies can easily track the movements of the products as well as monitor interactions with them. In B2B businesses, IoT involves as sensors to track as RFID tags on the products moving through supply chains. Sensing is defined as an IoT features that reflect real connectivity of devices with internet.
Internet of things plays a crucial role to security threats. It ensures high-level transparency & privacy concerns. IoT implementations present a new & unique security challenges for IoT products & services to secure from vulnerabilities. This technology has become more pervasive & integrated with our daily uses. Security is the major concern for the IoT devices & products which are connected online that potentially can affect the security as cyber attack & expose data to the theft.
How IoT Devices Communicate & Works:
Device to Device Communication:
Intelligent devices communicate by several models is called device to device communication. Two or more devices can easily communicate with one another using various network protocols which include internet protocol, Bluetooth, ZigBee & Z-Wave. These protocols are widely used with low data requirements as door locks, light bulbs & light switches.
Device to Cloud Communication:
Device to Cloud communication has become the most important way of communication among internet devices. IoT devices can directly connect with internet cloud services to exchange data. It includes wired Ethernet or Wi-Fi connections between the device & network IP. This communication is mainly used in SmartTV.
Device to Gateway Communication:
In the device to gateway communication, the device connect application layer gateway so as to access the cloud services. The gateway provides the better functionality for security & protocol translation. Fitness band is a good example of the device to gateway communication in which Smartphone running an app to communicate with the device & relay data to the cloud services.
Internet of things is an advanced technology that has been transforming physical objects into an internet-based ecosystem that would enrich our lives to make it’s simpler. The Internet of Things (IoT) is taking over everything. Ficode is a leading Mobile Application Development Company in London, UK focusing on developing IoT Internet of Things based application and devices for sports equipment, home automation, consumer electronics and machinery in manufacturing.